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An AI Discussion with an AI Pioneer in Taiwan

An AI Discussion with an AI Pioneer in Taiwan

The Interview:Dr. Li-Chen Fu Artificial intelligence (AI) is currently one of the most important topics among both industries and individuals. The main question is: How will the AI trend impact people, industries and the next generation, and what opportunities might it bring in the next 30 years? We are all eager to know. Today, our guest is Dr. Li-Chen Fu, Distinguished Professor at the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, National Taiwan University, former President of...

Going to court:The transformation of judicial consciousness in Taiwan under Japanese rule

Going to court:The transformation of judicial consciousness in Taiwan under Japanese rule

With the advent of the influence of Western powers in East Asia, Taiwan encountered its first exposure to law derived from the modern West (hereafter “modern law”) when the island was ceded to the prewar Japanese Empire by Qing China under the Treaty of Shimonoseki in 1895. The Taiwanese people, who were composed of Han Chinese immigrants and indigenous peoples who had been partly assimilated by those Chinese immigrants, then had access to a modern/Western court system that was creat...

Cross-sector partnerships in community governance at the district level:A case study of the welfare and healthcare service promotion campaign in Beitou District, Taipei

Cross-sector partnerships in community governance at the district level:A case study of the welfare and healthcare service promotion campaign in Beitou District, Taipei

This study examines the welfare and healthcare service promotion campaign in Beitou District, Taipei, focusing on participatory networks and cross-sector partnerships in community governance at the district level. There are three emphases in this article: a discussion of theories and practices relevant to community governance; an analysis of interactions in governance networks for communities in Beitou; and an examination of the characteristics and problems of community governance at the distric...

Searching for the welfare state

Searching for the welfare state

As a fundamental constitutional principle, the welfare state (Sozialstaat) principle pursues the ideal of social justice, which implies the fulfillment of substantive equality in society. In contrast to formal equality, the idea of substantive equality does not limit itself to prohibiting de jure discrimination; substantive equality further requests states to intervene in society and undertake obligations to promote de facto equality. Therefore, in the face of existing structural and systemic so...

In the name of Yushan: a new beetle found in the National Taiwan University (NTU) Experimental Forest

In the name of Yushan: a new beetle found in the National Taiwan University (NTU) Experimental Forest

New dung beetle species closely related to Russian beetle reveals complicated components of Taiwanese insect fauna A new species of dung beetle was the first to be given a scientific name in honor of Taiwan's highest mountain peak after its discovery by an NTU researcher in the NTU Experimental Forest near Mount Jade. Named Sinodiapterna yushana after the mountain's Mandarin name, Yushan, the newly classified beetle was presented to the world for the first time in the prestigious internationa...

Reciprocal cross-regulation of VND and SND multigene TF families for wood formation in Populus trichocarpa

Reciprocal cross-regulation of VND and SND multigene TF families for wood formation in Populus trichocarpa

Secondary cell wall (SCW) biosynthesis is the biological process that generates wood, an important renewable feedstock for materials and energy. NAC domain transcription factors, particularly Vascular- Related NAC-Domain (VND) and Secondary Wall-Associated NAC Domain (SND) proteins, are known to regulate SCW differentiation. In plants, the regulation of VND and SND is important to maintain homeostasis to avoid abnormal growth and development. We previously identified PtrSND1-A2IR, a splice varia...

Why ribosomes shift gears

Why ribosomes shift gears

Unveiled by measuring one molecule at a timeTranslation is the biological reaction of protein synthesis in all living cells. The ribosome, the enzyme in charge of the reaction, reads codes from messenger ribonucleic acids (mRNA) and catalyzes polymerization of the corresponding amino acids. Each code consists of three bases, named a codon. In general, the ribosome firmly follows the reading frame of consecutive codons for translation of cellular mRNAs. Otherwise, the produced amino acid sequence...

Overfishing induces aggregation of fishes through altering life history traits

Overfishing induces aggregation of fishes through altering life history traits

Even distribution in diverse habitats can reduce the risk of extinction for a species. Understanding how a species is spatially distributed, including heterogeneity (variance), distribution range, and habitat types, is critical for the management, conservation and restoration of biodiversity. Previous studies have found that the geographical distribution of a population is affected by various factors, including the environmental and biological traits of the species.One aspect of distribution tha...

Internal tides recorded on the ocean bottom off the coast of Southeast Taiwan

Internal tides recorded on the ocean bottom off the coast of Southeast Taiwan

Internal tides are baroclinic wave trains generated at tidal intervals by barotropic tidal currents when they flow over steep ocean-bottom topography [e.g., Wunsch, 1975; Phillips, 1977; Garrett, 2003]. In contrast to the more familiar wind-driven waves at the ocean surface, internal waves propagate along interfaces such as the thermocline in the density-stratified ocean and are characterized by slow speeds and large amplitudes that serve as the restoring force for oscillations [e.g., Munk and W...

Correlation of seismic behavior with crustal deformation and rheology in the Taiwan orogen

Correlation of seismic behavior with crustal deformation and rheology in the Taiwan orogen

Every year, over 10,000 earthquakes with magnitudes greater than 4 are recorded worldwide, and more than 200 of them strike the Taiwan region. As might be expected, larger-magnitude earthquakes are less abundant and occur less frequently than smaller-magnitude ones. The earthquake frequency-magnitude distribution in a given region and time period is well characterized by the Gutenberg-Richter law, which depicts a statistical straight-line relationship between the earthquake magnitude (M) and the...