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Searching for the welfare state

Searching for the welfare state

As a fundamental constitutional principle, the welfare state (Sozialstaat) principle pursues the ideal of social justice, which implies the fulfillment of substantive equality in society. In contrast to formal equality, the idea of substantive equality does not limit itself to prohibiting de jure discrimination; substantive equality further requests states to intervene in society and undertake obligations to promote de facto equality. Therefore, in the face of existing structural and systemic so...

In the name of Yushan: a new beetle found in the National Taiwan University (NTU) Experimental Forest

In the name of Yushan: a new beetle found in the National Taiwan University (NTU) Experimental Forest

New dung beetle species closely related to Russian beetle reveals complicated components of Taiwanese insect fauna A new species of dung beetle was the first to be given a scientific name in honor of Taiwan's highest mountain peak after its discovery by an NTU researcher in the NTU Experimental Forest near Mount Jade. Named Sinodiapterna yushana after the mountain's Mandarin name, Yushan, the newly classified beetle was presented to the world for the first time in the prestigious internationa...

Reciprocal cross-regulation of VND and SND multigene TF families for wood formation in Populus trichocarpa

Reciprocal cross-regulation of VND and SND multigene TF families for wood formation in Populus trichocarpa

Secondary cell wall (SCW) biosynthesis is the biological process that generates wood, an important renewable feedstock for materials and energy. NAC domain transcription factors, particularly Vascular- Related NAC-Domain (VND) and Secondary Wall-Associated NAC Domain (SND) proteins, are known to regulate SCW differentiation. In plants, the regulation of VND and SND is important to maintain homeostasis to avoid abnormal growth and development. We previously identified PtrSND1-A2IR, a splice varia...

Why ribosomes shift gears

Why ribosomes shift gears

Unveiled by measuring one molecule at a timeTranslation is the biological reaction of protein synthesis in all living cells. The ribosome, the enzyme in charge of the reaction, reads codes from messenger ribonucleic acids (mRNA) and catalyzes polymerization of the corresponding amino acids. Each code consists of three bases, named a codon. In general, the ribosome firmly follows the reading frame of consecutive codons for translation of cellular mRNAs. Otherwise, the produced amino acid sequence...

Overfishing induces aggregation of fishes through altering life history traits

Overfishing induces aggregation of fishes through altering life history traits

Even distribution in diverse habitats can reduce the risk of extinction for a species. Understanding how a species is spatially distributed, including heterogeneity (variance), distribution range, and habitat types, is critical for the management, conservation and restoration of biodiversity. Previous studies have found that the geographical distribution of a population is affected by various factors, including the environmental and biological traits of the species.One aspect of distribution tha...

Internal tides recorded on the ocean bottom off the coast of Southeast Taiwan

Internal tides recorded on the ocean bottom off the coast of Southeast Taiwan

Internal tides are baroclinic wave trains generated at tidal intervals by barotropic tidal currents when they flow over steep ocean-bottom topography [e.g., Wunsch, 1975; Phillips, 1977; Garrett, 2003]. In contrast to the more familiar wind-driven waves at the ocean surface, internal waves propagate along interfaces such as the thermocline in the density-stratified ocean and are characterized by slow speeds and large amplitudes that serve as the restoring force for oscillations [e.g., Munk and W...

Correlation of seismic behavior with crustal deformation and rheology in the Taiwan orogen

Correlation of seismic behavior with crustal deformation and rheology in the Taiwan orogen

Every year, over 10,000 earthquakes with magnitudes greater than 4 are recorded worldwide, and more than 200 of them strike the Taiwan region. As might be expected, larger-magnitude earthquakes are less abundant and occur less frequently than smaller-magnitude ones. The earthquake frequency-magnitude distribution in a given region and time period is well characterized by the Gutenberg-Richter law, which depicts a statistical straight-line relationship between the earthquake magnitude (M) and the...

Fast band structure computation using a new and efficient hHybrid method

Fast band structure computation using a new and efficient hHybrid method

Imagine you are an Uber driver and happen to pick up a material scientist or a physicist. What would be the first question you asked her/him? I could give the reader some examples based on my personal experience. This approach may seem naive or biased, but such questions may lead brilliant minds to dedicate themselves to the field. Two frequently asked questions are (i) how do people distinguish different phases of matter and (ii) what are the main challenges in material science? Of course, t...

Contribution of the thermal Hall effect to the anomalous Nernst and spin Seebeck effects

Contribution of the thermal Hall effect to the anomalous Nernst and spin Seebeck effects

Heat dissipation has been the most formidable challenge in information technology due to the continued increase in power dissipation, and it has hampered the development of charged-based electronic devices. Unlike purely charge-based systems, information devices encoded in magnetization states in spintronics are nonvolatile, which can reduce the power requirement for maintaining the data. Therefore, within a very short period of time, we have witnessed the remarkable success of spintronics to tr...

A paper-based test for tuberculosis diagnosis in developing countries

A paper-based test for tuberculosis diagnosis in developing countries

Scientists from Taiwan have developed a “paper” test for the diagnosis of tuberculosis infectionEarly diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) allows patients to receive proper treatment and helps prevent the disease from spreading. However, in resource-limited areas, expensive test equipment and long wait times for results are obstacles to TB diagnosis and treatment. To overcome this problem, scientists report in ACS Sensors the development of a fast paper-based tuberculosis test that can be ...