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Systematically selecting conservation areas for habitat quality and multiple ecosystem services protection

Systematically selecting conservation areas for habitat quality and multiple ecosystem services protection

Conservation areas generally consist of natural resources that must be sustained and preserved, such as habitats, species, ecosystems, and the services they provide. Accordingly, the natural environment of the conservation area is preserved and protected by policies that restrict certain human activities. Many academic studies have focused on the provisioning capacity of natural resources, but the importance and provisioning capacity of ecosystem services have often been neglected. Along with...

Bridging a way to their origins – Introduction to the NTU-USYD Collaborative Project

Bridging a way to their origins – Introduction to the NTU-USYD Collaborative Project

Interview:Professor Yu-Wen Chen Intercountry adoptions have been justified as being in the best interests of children who cannot receive suitable care in their country of origin. However, the rights and wellbeing of these children are a point of concern. Australia and Taiwan are indelibly linked by the adoption of Taiwanese-born children by Australian families through intercountry adoption. From 2011 to 2014, Taiwan sent the most infants to Australia and was the leading sending country for Au...

Historical Narratives in the Pre-Qin and Han Periods

Historical Narratives in the Pre-Qin and Han Periods

The long history of Chinese historical narratives that originated in the Shang-Zhou (商周) era, bloomed in the Warring States (戰國) period and prospered in the Han (漢) dynasty generated the greatest amount of narrative literature in the world. This book explores and discusses the pre-Qin (先秦) and Han historical narratives through Confucian classics and their commentaries, Chinese philosophy, Chinese historiography, and unearthed documents.The research methodology focuses on Zuo Zhuan and Guoyu with...

Why should a guidebook, not a textbook, be written on Xunzi studies?

Why should a guidebook, not a textbook, be written on Xunzi studies?

This volume is neither an introduction to Xunzi’s (ca. 315-235 BCE) philosophy nor a collection of those research articles and essays that the author has conducted on the topic. It is instead a guidebook to “Xunzi Studies” and the research on Xunzi’s philosophy. I wrote this book mainly for those who conduct scholarly research about Xunzi or for those who must address his philosophy to discuss more popular thinkers such as Mencius (ca. 390-310 BCE) and Zhuangzi (?-?, late...

Climate Change and Societal Risk

Climate Change and Societal Risk

An Introduction to Sociology of Climate Change In modern society, nation states have faced various challenges, including housing bubbles, pollution, and unemployment, due to economic, environmental, and social risks. Generally, the modern state promotes technology to resolve social problems (e.g., promoting genetically modified organisms (GMOs) to secure food supplies) and thus justifies its legitimacy (Chou, 2014). The state seeks to secure basic human rights via technology and economic prog...

‘Micro’ organism, ‘Macro’ problems

‘Micro’ organism, ‘Macro’ problems

Studies of the MERS-CoV macro domain conducted by NTU structural biologists reveal a promising new therapeutic target. The macro domain is a well-known protein module with an affinity for ADP-ribose. RNA viruses such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)-CoV encode macro domains in their genomes, and the structures of several viral macro domains have been reported. However, the critical piece of the puzzle for the molecular structure and...

Quadruplex formation enhanced  by DNA methylation

Quadruplex formation enhanced by DNA methylation

It is well known that DNA secondary structure and methylation are involved in regulating gene expression in mammals. Research has shown that G-quadruplex (G4) structures, which are among the most prevalent non-B DNA structures, are key players in the control of gene transcription and regulation. Methylation of cytosine in CpG dinucleotides in promoter regions is a well-characterized epigenetic modification that plays an important role in regulating numerous cellular processes, including developm...

An integrative tool for phosphoproteomics: a key in systems biology

An integrative tool for phosphoproteomics: a key in systems biology

Systems biology is a data-driven science in which a combination of experimental and computational approaches are used to understand complex dynamic biological systems from a systems-wide perspective. Systems biology integrates various omics data, including genome, transcriptome, proteome and metabonome information, and explores the complex interactions among many levels of biological information to understand how these levels work together. Knowledge regarding interacting protein and signaling n...

Assembly of recombination-mediated DNA repair machinery

Assembly of recombination-mediated DNA repair machinery

How cells maintain their genome integrity is our long-term interest. The genome is constantly exposed to various endogenous and exogenous insults, ranging from endogenous replication stress to exogenous ultraviolet light and carcinogens. These insults cause a variety of DNA damage. DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are the most lethal chromosomal lesion if not repaired properly. DSBs trigger genomic instability and halt DNA replication. Cells have developed evolutionarily conservative mechanisms t...

Developmental changes in conceptual processing in children with autism

Developmental changes in conceptual processing in children with autism

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is characterized by deficits in social communication. To explore the developmental changes in communication deficits in ASD, a sample of children encompassing a wide age range, from childhood to adolescence, was recruited. Regarding neural substrates of language/communication in ASD, recent studies have shown aberrant neural activity during semantic processing. For example, there is reduced activation in the left inferior front...