logo

:::Location:Home > Research

 Research


Exploring materials for energy

Exploring materials for energy

Interview:Dr. Li-Chyong Chen The use of conventional fossil fuels has cast the landscape of convenient modern life. The accompanied carbon emission and related pollution nonetheless pose an increasing crisis on both the natural environment and the well-being of humankind. For decades, scientists have been searching for substitute energy solutions to reduce or inhibit these growingly severe environmental impacts. Despite being far from capable of resolving these issues, the following exemplifica...

Self-touching illusion and bodily self-consciousness

Self-touching illusion and bodily self-consciousness

Walking into a coffee shop, I quickly get a cappuccino and take a sip to enjoy the taste and aroma. Two fundamental types of bodily self-consciousness are involved here. First, I experience the hand holding the cup as my hand, and I experience this particular body that just walked in as my body. This is the sense of body ownership, the experience of what it is like to feel a body part or a whole body as mine. The second type is the sense that I am the unique subject of those conscious experience...

Centers and peripheries in ancient China

Centers and peripheries in ancient China

In the ancient world, what constitutes a center? How are political, cultural, economic and ritual centers and their associated landscapes interrelated? How should we understand so-called peripheries and the interactions between people in these regions and those in political centers in ancient contexts? Ancient Central China: An Archaeological Study of Centers and Peripheries along the Yangzi River, published in 2013, addresses these questions through a focus on Central China in the area along th...

East Asian Confucianisms: Texts in contexts

East Asian Confucianisms: Texts in contexts

This volume tells the story of the importance of Confucian traditions and why and how Confucian texts were reinterpreted within different ambiances and contexts around East Asia. The vitality of “East Asian Confucianisms” stems from the desire of Confucian thinkers to interpret the core values of the Confucian classics in accordance with conditions and changes in their own times and locations. Although all of the interpretations advanced in China, Korea and Japan were specific to the...

Plant hormone jasmonate-isoleucine (ja-ile) biosynthesis may be regulated by far-red light signaling based on the fin219-fip1 protein complex

Plant hormone jasmonate-isoleucine (ja-ile) biosynthesis may be regulated by far-red light signaling based on the fin219-fip1 protein complex

Light influences plant growth and development. Far-red light and red light can synergistically affect seed germination and photomorphogenesis through the phytochrome photoreceptors in plant cells. A previous study demonstrated that a jasmonate synthetase, FIN219 (FAR-RED INSENSITIVE 219), also known as JAR1 (JASMONATE RESISTANT 1), functions to conjugate jasmonate (JA) to amino acids such as Isoleucine (Ile) in the JA signaling pathway. JA-Ile is an active phytohormone required for plant defense...

Micrornas modulate circadian clock genes to enhance zebrafish cold tolerance

Micrornas modulate circadian clock genes to enhance zebrafish cold tolerance

Professor Shyh-Jye Lee of the Department of Life Science, who also serves as the director of the Research Center for Developmental Biology and Regenerative Medicine, led his team in demonstrating that microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate the cold responses of fish by fine-tuning circadian clock genes. Using genomics approaches, the team discovered that miRNA-dependent circadian clock genes help zebrafish larvae to withstand cold stress. This research provides insights that may help to reduce massive fish...

Mapping the retinal input to the clock in the brain at single-cell resolution

Mapping the retinal input to the clock in the brain at single-cell resolution

All mammals have a circadian clock system in the brain, called the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), that modulates many physiological functions throughout the day and night. The environmental light-dark cycle is one of the most important daily cues that entrains (i.e. sets) the endogenous clock in the SCN to the outside world. In addition, a specific type of neuron at the back of the eye, the intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cell (ipRGC), transmits luminance signals to reset the clock...

Emerging threat of avian coronavirus variants and novel countermeasures

Emerging threat of avian coronavirus variants and novel countermeasures

Coronaviruses include some pathogens that are fatal to humans and animals, such as severe acute respiratory syndromes (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), which cause devastating diseases and tremendous loss. Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), the avian coronavirus, is economically important to the poultry industry worldwide, and the continuous emergence of new viral variants complicates its disease control. There is an urgent need to characterize the emerging variants and to deve...

Chemical analysis reveals the hidden secrets of Stradivari violins

Chemical analysis reveals the hidden secrets of Stradivari violins

NTU researchers identified unique properties in the wood of famous antique instruments The secrets of Stradivari violins are one of the most enduring mysteries of European culture. Antonio Stradivari (1644-1737), Latinized as “Stradivarius” and abbreviated “Strad,” has become synonymous with superlative violins. What gives his violins such unique tonal qualities has been a matter of heated debate over the past two centuries. The legend of Stradivari began in Cremona...

Why does the interface of insulating oxides become conductive?

Why does the interface of insulating oxides become conductive?

The ability to engineer electrical properties at semiconductor interfaces has facilitated the modern success of electronic technologies and is based on the concept of band alignment, which can be otherwise lifted in insulating oxides due to their characteristic wide band gaps and associated electronic properties [1]. The heterojunction between two insulating oxides is thus expected to remain insulating, unlike its semiconductor analog. However, the discovery of a metallic interface between insul...